Things you probably didn’t knew about Nipah Virus
- Origin – Nipah Virus derives its name from the village Sungai Nipah in the Malaysian peninsula, where an outbreak of encephalitis in pig farmers was first reported in 1998.
- Disease Type: Nipah Virus infection is a newly emerging zoonosis, meaning a form of infectious disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans through viral infection. There are approximately 150 zoonotic diseases that are known to exist and it mostly comes from wildlife. Zoonosis may come from bacteria, fungi and parasites also, some examples are Roundworms, Hookworms, Cat-Scratch Disease
- How does NIPA Virus spread: Nipah virus (NiV) infection was confined to pig population in Malaysia but changes in ecological conditions has resulted its emergence in human populations. The disease transmission from pigs acting as an intermediate host during Malaysian and Singapore outbreaks has changed in NIV outbreaks in India and Bangladesh, transmitting the disease directly from bats to human followed by human to human
- Primary Carriers: Bat species in the genera Rousettus, Myotis, Miniopterus,and Hipposideros that naturally reside in buildings, trees, and caves that are near to human residential areas increase the potential of transmission of zoonotic pathogens from bats to humans, As per WHO report the natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus. These also known as “flying foxes”, are the primary hosts and reservoirs of the Nipah virus. Pigs are intermediate hosts of the virus.
- Nipah outbreaks in past – A major NiV outbreak occurred in pigs and humans from September 1998 to April 1999 that resulted in infection of 265 and death of 105 persons. Before the recent incidence in Kerala in 2018, the disease was recorded in the form of a major outbreak in India in 2001 and then a small incidence in 2007, both the outbreaks were in West Bengal and only in humans without any involvement of pigs. In neighboring Bangladesh there were series of human Nipah incidences from 2001 till 2013 almost every year with mortality exceeding 70 %.
- How to prevent NIPA virus – Transmission of Nipah virus to humans may occur after direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV infected people. The drinking of raw date palm sap contaminated with fruit bat urine or saliva containing NiV is the only known cause of outbreak of the disease in Bangladesh outbreaks. You can protect yourself by wearing protective clothing, while taking care of infected individuals; it is not a risk factor for Nipah Virus Infection. Ensure that there are no bats making home in your backyard or in isolates spots or wells in your neighbourhood.
- Symptoms: Typically, there is an incubation period of 5-14 days, before an infected individual begins showing the signs and symptoms of Nipah Virus Infection. Headache, fever, altered mental status, unconsciousness, extreme fatigue and respiratory distress, are all symptoms of Nipah Virus Infection. Incidence of symptoms in Nipah infected persons – Fever, required as part of the probable case definition, was universally (100%) present, followed by altered mental status (90%), headache (73%), severe weakness (67%), cough (62%), difficult breathing (69%), diarrhea (29%), and seizures (23%)
- Diagnosis – In addition to blood samples, investigators use throat swab, and urine, samples wherever possible to detect the presence or absence of Nipah virus-specific IgM and IgG antibodies, in Serum and CSF samples
- Dormant Nature of Disease – Not everyone infected by Nipah virus shows signs and symptoms of the disease. Some of those affected may be asymptomatic; such an infection is termed as a “subclinical infection”. Those who have survived Nipah Virus Infection may continue to have persistent neurological symptoms or develop newer symptoms.
- Cure – Currently, there is no cure for Nipah Virus Infection, and the condition is treated by providing adequate supportive therapy. No vaccine for either humans or animals has been found. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.
7 Homeopathic medicines for treatment of Nipah Virus
As mentioned above the treatment approach to Nipah infection involves interventions to improve, reinforce, or sustain a patient’s physiological well-being and mitigate symptoms. Homeopathy is well suited as it is restorative in nature, and addresses symptoms without side effects
- Belladonna: Good for fever with intense redness in face. It acts upon every part of the nervous system, furious excitement, perverted special senses. The face is hot red and flushed. and mouth remains dry with little or no thirst. The fever is usually high grade and comes with a degree of suddenness and violence. There may be throbbing pain in the head. and headache gets worse by any motion, noise, light and is better by pressure.
- Nux Vomica: Excellent polycrest remedy (addresses various bodily problems at the same time), Treats condition of chilliness, absence of thirst, there is heat in one part of the body and coldness in other parts of the body causing selective perspiration Treats respiratory troubles along with fever. Mania caused by sleeplessness, prostration, excited, irritable and sensitive
- Helleborus: Stupefied drowsiness during which patients hallucinates, cannot be aroused despite shaking vigorously. Sense of melancholia, depression and sinking. Confused dreams, suspicious and the patient is in a altered state of mind.
- Rhus Tox: The tongue is red and cracked. It is coated all over except a triangular space at the front which forms a red triangular tip. There is pain in the head as if a board were strapped to the forehead.
- Opium: Patients displays great drowsiness and dullness, feels chilly when uncovered and hot when covered, has intense fever with confusion of mind. the opium can produce excellent results.
- Dr. Reckeweg R88 drops – anti viral vaccine derived from cultures of various virus strains. Natural immunization formula to increase the natural defense of the body against the virus
- Natel Neutratec Anbuta Drops – decreases body viral load, activates macrophages, modulates TNF, Increases CD4 and CD8 cells. Provides natural immunity shield against cold, malaria, dengue, all viral infections. A proven immunomodulator without any toxicity or side effects or drug interaction