What is hypertension and what causes it?
Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure . Also commonly known as high BP, it is a rapidly spreading ailment. It has also earned the moniker of a silent killer. Blood pressure indicates the expansion and contraction of the heart. Blood pressure is the measurement of the force against the walls of arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. Conventionally blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) as systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. The high pressure measured at every beat is called systolic pressure and the lowest pressure between two beats is called diastolic pressure. This must ideally be 120/80 in youth and 140/90 in case of the elderly. Systolic pressure is considered high if it is over 140 most of the time, whereas diastolic pressure is considered high if it is over 90 most of the time.
Primary (essential) hypertension is the term applied to most of the cases in which no cause is identified. It is often the result of complex interaction between multiple genetic and environmental factors.’ Secondary hypertension, which affects approximately 5% people, has identifiable specific causes, such as alcohol abuse, cocaine use, atherosclerosis, chronic kidney disease, coarctation of the aorta, diabetes, certain autoimmune disorders (like periarteritis nodosa), certain endocrine disorders (like adrenal tumours, cushing syndrome, hyperthyroidism ), renal artery stenosis and some drugs like birth control pills, appetite suppressants, corticosteroids, migraine medications, etc. Prevalence of hypertension increases with age.
How does Work habits and lifestyle contribute to Hypertension?
Increasing industrialization, obesity, faulty diet, mental stress, has all resulted in an increase in the number of hypertensive patients. A number of youngsters work in the IT and IteS sectors like BPO, in high pressure situations with multiple deadlines to justify high pay scales, earn additional monetary incentives and have better career prospect. Here they have to work night shifts, have practically no personal life, irregular eating habits, lack of exercise, and added to it, plenty of money which results in uncontrolled binging on fast food. All this causes immense damage not only to the body but also the mind. Excessive consumption of tea, coffee, smoking, consuming processed food, meat, alcohol, etc., results in losing the natural balance of life. Toxins get accumulated in the body, the covers of the arteries thicken. This makes its inner diameter small and increases pressure because blood flow is hampered. Diabetes also increases blood pressure. It also increases when oil, fatty foods, and salt is consumed in excess. Deficiency of fiber only adds to its growth.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
Initially high blood pressure is asymptomatic for many years. The back side of the head and the neck experiences pain and heaviness. These pains disappear as rapidly as they come. Giddiness, palpitations, chest pain, frequent urination, mental stress, weakness, troubled breathing are all symptoms of high blood pressure. Some of the other symptoms are swelling at the ankles and face
Other symptoms like confusion, ear noise or buzzing, fatigue, non specific headache, irregular heartbeat, nosebleed and vision changes are felt. Untreated hypertension may end up with blood vessel damage (arteriosclerosis), brain damage, congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, heart attack, hypertensive heart disease, peripheral artery disease, stroke, vision loss, etc.
How to lower blood pressure naturally and quickly?
Lifestyle changes may help to control blood pressure. Avoiding smoking and alcohol, eating more fruits and vegetables, regular exercise, keeping blood sugar under control (if diabetic) and maintaining ideal weight are useful.
Diet: Consuming meat and eggs increases the chances of increase in blood pressure. Fruits and vegetarian diet reduces the fat in the body, makes the arteries flexible, and improves blood circulation.
Foods rich in potassium and calcium like milk, fruits, and vegetables helps control blood pressure.
Garlic: Eating two buds every day is beneficial.
Gooseberry (Amla), Lemon: Vitamin C removes the blockages in tine blood vessels and helps improve blood circulation.
Watermelon: One can eat the dried and roasted seeds of the watermelon whose constituents help widen the blood vessels.
Rice: Hand-pounded rice contains and element from the B complex vitamins which improves the health of the blood vessels and the nerves
Vegetable juices: Juice of carrots, spinach, and bottle gourd is considered beneficial for high blood pressure. One must consume a cup of each
Other remedies: A person with high blood pressure must get at lea8 hours of sleep at night. He must avoid excessive work, worries. stress anger, and haste. He must learn to have a neutral perspective towards life
Symptoms of high blood pressure are most commonly seen in elderly or aged people. High blood pressure is common disease in which the blood flows through the vessels at higher than the normal pressure. It is also known as hypertension. High blood pressure increases risk of heart strokes and other heart related diseases. Causes of high blood pressure are obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress, lack of exercise, excess salt intake, hereditary of high blood pressure, diabetes etc. Symptoms of high blood pressure include nausea, headaches, vomiting, blurred vision, dizziness, palpitations, shortness of breath, bleeding nose (epistaxis) etc. High blood pressure can create problem in several ways like vascular weakness, risk of blood clotting, increased plaque buildup, organ and tissue damage due to narrowing and blocking of arteries etc.